Català Castellano
Academic year 2019-20

Subject's general information
Bachelor's Degree in Physiotherapy1COMMONAttendance-based
Double bachelor's degree: Degree Physiotherapy and Degree in Human Nutrition and Diethetics1COMMONAttendance-based
Double bachelor's degree: Degree in Nursing and Degree in Physiotherapy1COMMONAttendance-based
Course number of credits (ECTS)6
Type of activity, credits, and groups
Number of credits15
Number of groups42
Teaching load distribution between lectures and independent student work60 h Lecture
90 h Independent student work at home
LanguageCastellano, Català, English
Distribution of credits5 ECTS Theoretical class
1 ECTS Practices
Teaching staffE-mail addressesCredits taught by teacherOffice and hour of attention
ERITJA SÁNCHEZ, NÚRIAneritja@medicina.udl.cat2
MACIA ARMENGOL, ANNAanna.macia@mex.udl.cat2
PRADAS BARRIGA, IRENEipradas@cmb.udl.cat3
SERRANO GODOY, MARCOSmserrano@medicina.udl.cat1
Subject's extra information

Physiology is a basic matter, according to Royal Decree 1393/2007 of October 29 on the organization of official university education. In the training of graduates in Health Sciences is a fundamental matter for the implication that has the physiological knowledge in the understanding of the functioning of the human body and the bases of the disease. Physiology defines the characteristics of the human being in a state of health and serves as a basis for the study of the deviations of this in the disease. In this context, the teaching of Physiology has as a general objective the knowledge of the functions of the organism, the acquisition of the necessary methodology for its study and the development of attitudes towards the maintenance of health and the treatment of the disease.

The contribution of Physiology to the acquisition of their final competences by the student would be:

1 / provide sufficient knowledge to understand and describe the functions of the apparatus and systems of the healthy organism at its different levels of the organization, and the integration processes that give rise to homeostasis. All as a basis for the later understanding of the pathophysiology and the etiological mechanisms of the disease, the bases of the therapy and the measures for the maintenance and prevention of health;

2 / provide the necessary mechanisms to understand and describe the basic methods of functional exploration of different systems and devices

3 / facilitate the acquisition of skills necessary for the performance of certain functional explorations and laboratory techniques.

Its fundamental objective is for students to understand and recognize the structure (Histology and Anatomy) and function (Physiology) of the human body. This knowledge will allow them to understand and interpret the most advanced Physiology and the bases of human pathology. In addition, the student will also acquire terminological skills that are fundamental to deepen the cellular Pathology and Pathology blocks of the upper grades.

Learning objectives

At the level of knowledge

At the level of values ​​and attitudes

The student who passes the subject, must reach the following competences

Significant competences

Specific competences and learning outcomes

CE1 Know and understand the morphology, physiology, pathology and behavior of humans, both healthy and sick, in the natural and social environment.

Learning outcomes:

1.1 Identify and describe the general physiology of the elements that make up the human being.

1.6 Understand the normal functioning of each organ and system and its possible functional alterations.


CE2 Know and understand the sciences, models, techniques and instruments on which physiotherapy is based, articulated and developed.

Learning outcomes:

2.1 Understand the general, basic and proper theories of Physiotherapy.

2.5 Know how to use the most common health terminology among health professionals, applied to the physiotherapy model.

2.7 Identify, describe and know the theories and general principles of functioning, disability, health and assessment


CE5 Assess the patient's functional status, considering the physical, psychological and social aspects.

Learning outcomes:

5.3 Identify the concepts of functioning and disability in relation to the process of intervention in Physiotherapy and describe the alterations, functional limitations and actual and potential disabilities found


CE12 Intervene in the areas of promotion, prevention, protection and recovery of health.

Learning outcomes:

12.1 Identify and describe the basic principles of prevention, as well as the different medical and surgical treatments applicable to each type of pathology.


CE15 Understand the importance of updating the knowledge, abilities, skills and attitudes that make up the professional competencies of the physiotherapist.

Learning outcomes:

15.1 Promote the updating and recycling of knowledge, skills and fundamental attitudes of professional skills, through a process of ongoing training.

15.5 Demonstrate skills in searching, critical examination and integration of scientific literature and other relevant information.

CG1 Communicate effectively and clearly, both orally and in writing, with users of the health system as well as other professionals

CT1 Correction in written oral expression.

CT4 Respect for the fundamental rights of equality between men and women, for the promotion of Human Rights and for the values ​​of a culture of peace and democratic values.


General competences of the Degree:

CG1 Communicate effectively and clearly, both orally and in writing, with users of the health system as well as other professionals

CG2 Know how to work in professional teams as a basic unit in which the professionals and other personnel of the healthcare organizations are structured in a uni or multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary way.

CG3 Incorporate the ethical and legal principles of the profession into the axial professional practice such as integrating social and community aspects into decision making.


Transversal competences of the Degree:

CT4 Respect for the fundamental rights of equality between men and women, for the promotion of Human Rights and for the values ​​of a culture of peace and democratic values.


Strategic competences of the University:

CEUdL1 Adequate comprehension and oral and written expression of Catalan and Spanish;

CEUdL2 Significant knowledge of a foreign language, especially English;

CEUdL3 Training in the use of new technologies and information and communication technologies;

CEUdL4 Basic knowledge of entrepreneurship and professional environments;

CEUdL5 Essential notions of scientific method

Subject contents

Topic 1. Introduction and communication

Principles of cell function

Homeostasis of body fluids,

Transduction of signals, membrane receptors, second messengers and regulation of gene expression.


Topic 2. Nervous System


            Generation and conduction of action potentials

            Synaptic transmission

            The somatosensory system

            The special senses

            Organization of motor function

            Superior functions of the nervous system

            The autonomic nervous system and its central control


Topic 3. Endocrine and reproductive system

            Introduction to the endocrine system

The hypothalamus and the pituitary gland

The thyroid gland

The adrenal gland

The male and female reproductive systems


Topic 4. Body fluids and blood

            Body fluids and plasma

            Erythrocytes and blood groups

            Leukocytes and immunity



Topic 5. Digestive System

Functional anatomy and general principles of regulation in the gastrointestinal tract

The cephalic, oral and esophageal phase and the integrated response due to feeding

The small intestine phase and the integrated response due to feeding

The colonic phase and the integrated response due to feeding

Metabolic functions of the liver.


Topic 6. Muscular System - Skeletal

            Physiology of skeletal muscle

            Cardiac muscle and smooth muscle

            Bone physiology


Topic 7. Cardiovascular System

            Introduction to circulation

Elements of cardiac function

Properties of blood vessels

Regulation of the heart and vessels

Integrated control of the cardiovascular system


Topic 8. Respiratory System

            Structure and function of the respiratory system

            Mechanical properties of the lung and chest wall: static and dynamic

            Ventilation, perfusion and ventilation / perfusion ratio

            Transportation of oxygen and carbon dioxide

            Control of breathing

            Non-respiratory functions of the lung


Topic 9. Renal System

            Elements of renal function

Transport of water and solutes along the nephron: tubular function

Control of osmolarity and body fluid volume

Homeostasis of potassium, calcium and phosphorus


Topic 10. Aging


            Theories of aging

            Differences between physiological and pathological aging

            Main theories of aging

            Physiological changes related to age

            Alterations of the main organs

            Psychic alterations

            Social alterations

            Sarcopenia and frailty

            Genetic predisposition

            Influence of the environment and physical activity in the aging process

            Demographics of aging


To achieve the objectives and acquire the attributed competences, the following activities will be programmed:

Master classes: these will be done with all the students. Their purpose is to give an overview of the thematic content highlighting those aspects that will be useful in their training.

Seminars: they will be done with 1/2 of the students, they are obligatory and must be done with the corresponding group. The purpose of the seminars is for students to apply theoretical concepts and to delve into the most important and complex aspects of the topics.


Partial exams 70%.

There will be two partial exams that include all the theoretical part, problems and cases and seminars. The exams will be with short answer questions, development of topics and case studies and test type. To pass the subject, the student must approve this evaluation with 50%. The dates of the exams are stipulated in the academic calendars

The distribution of the topics to be evaluated in each exam will be the following:

Seminar 20%

The seminars will be composed of two types of activities:

Short test 10%

On-line short test will be performed at the end of each topic

To pass the subject it is necessary to obtain a final weight of 50% in total and in each section. Students who do not pass the evaluation will be entitled to a recovery exam. If they pass the recovery exam, a 5 out of 10 (passed) will be taken as the final grade of the course.


Basic bibliography

Guyton & Hall. Tratado de Fisiología médica by Hall, J.E.


Complementary bibliography

Ganong's Review of Medical Physiology, 23rd Edition (LANGE Basic Science) by Kim E. Barrett, Susan M. Barman, Scott Boitano, and Heddwen Brooks ( Jul 24, 2009)

Guyton and Hall Textbook of Medical Physiology: with STUDENT CONSULT Online Access (Guyton Physiology) by John E. Hall ( Jun 15, 2010)

Netter's Essential Physiology: With STUDENT CONSULT Online Access (Netter Basic Science) by Susan E. Mulroney and Adam Myers MD ( Oct 6, 2008)

Atlas of Human Anatomy: with Student Consult Access (Netter Basic Science) by Frank H. Netter ( May 3, 2010)

Rubens Rebelatto J, Da Silva Morelli JG. Fisioterapia geriátrica. Práctica asistencial en el anciano. Madrid. Mc. Graw Hill-Interamericana. 2005.

Osuna, M. Fisioterapia en el adulto mayor.  Universidad de Jaen. 2011.

Esperanza A, (et al). Aspectes generals de la rehabilitació en geriatria. Barcelona, Edicions Glosa. 1997.

Tortora G., Derrickson B. Principios de Anatomía y Fisiología. 11º Edición. Editorial Panamericana. Madrid 2006.

 Gary A. Thibodeau, Kevin T.Patton. Anatomía y Fisiología.6º Edición. Editorial ElSevier. Madrid 2007.

Constanzo LS, Fisiología. 4ª edición. Editorial Elsevier. Madrid. 2011

Chicharro JL. Fisiología del ejercicio. 3ª edición. Editorial Panamericana. Madrid. 2006

Gonzalez Mas R, Rehabilitación médica de ancianos. Barcelona, Masson, 1995.

Viel E, Diagnóstico Fisioterápico. Barcelona, Masson, 1999.

Delgado Ojeda M.A., Rehabilitación y fisioterapia en geriatría. Jaén, Formación Alcalá. 2000.

Pont Geis P. Tercera edad, actividad física y salud. Barcelona, Paidotribo, 1996.

Marfany G, Soley M. Perquè envellim?. Barcelona, Publicacions i edicions Universitat de Barcelona. 2011.

Abric M, Dotte P. Gestos y activación para las personas mayores. Tomo 1.Barcelona. Masson. 2003.

Abric M,  Dotte P. Gestos y activación para las personas mayores. Tomo 2. Barcelona. Masson. 2003.

Libro blanco del Envejecimiento Activo. IMSERSO. 2011.