Català Castellano
DEGREE CURRICULUM
FOOD MICROBIOLOGY AND PARASITOLOGY
Coordination:
RAMOS GIRONA, ANTONIO JAVIER
Academic year 2019-20
DEGREE CURRICULUM: FOOD MICROBIOLOGY AND PARASITOLOGY 2019-20

Subject's general information
Subject nameFOOD MICROBIOLOGY AND PARASITOLOGY
Code100610
Semester1st Q(SEMESTER) CONTINUED EVALUATION
Typology
DegreeCourseCharacterModality
Bachelor's Degree in Human Nutrition and Dietetics2COMPULSORYAttendance-based
Double bachelor's degree: Degree Physiotherapy and Degree in Human Nutrition and Diethetics2COMPULSORYAttendance-based
Bachelor's Degree in Human Nutrition and Dietetics2COMPULSORYAttendance-based
Double bachelor's degree: Degree Physiotherapy and Degree in Human Nutrition and Diethetics2COMPULSORYAttendance-based
Course number of credits (ECTS)9
Type of activity, credits, and groups
Activity typePRALABPRAULATEORIA
Number of credits4.10.44.5
Number of groups632
CoordinationRAMOS GIRONA, ANTONIO JAVIER
DepartmentFOOD TECHNOLOGY
Teaching load distribution between lectures and independent student workIn class hours: 90
- Lessons 45
- Practical classes 41
- Seminars 4

In home hours: 135
LanguageSpanish and Catalan
Distribution of creditsCredits received by students taught by teachers of the Department of CMB. 4.5
Credits received by students taught by teachers of the Department of TECAL. 4.5
Teaching staffE-mail addressesCredits taught by teacherOffice and hour of attention
ALEGRE VILAS, ISABELialegre@tecal.udl.cat4,5
BELLÍ MARTÍNEZ, GEMMAgemma.belli@cmb.udl.cat5,3
DE LA TORRE RUIZ, M. ANGELESmadelatorre@cmb.udl.cat3,4
NICOLAU LAPEÑA, IOLANDAiolanda.nl@tecal.udl.cat1,5
ORTIZ SOLÁ, JORDIjordiortiz@tecal.udl.cat1,5
PUJOL CARRION, NURIAnuria.pujol@cmb.udl.cat8,3
RAMOS GIRONA, ANTONIO JAVIERajramos@tecal.udl.cat6,4
VIÑAS ALMENAR, M.INMACULADA C.ivinas@tecal.udl.cat3,9
Subject's extra information

This course introduces students into the microbial world (viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and helminths), presenting basics about their structure, physiology, genetics and pathogenicity, and making a special impact on microbiology and parasitology of each food group, addressing issues such as spoilage, pathogens and toxicology, prophylaxis and the effect of the main conservation methods used to control food microorganisms.

Learning objectives

This course introduces students into the microbial world (viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa and helminths), firstly presenting basics about their structure, physiology, genetics and pathogenicity, and then make a special emphasis on microbiology and parasitology of each group of food, with a special interets in the way by which alterations occur, key food pathogens, toxicology, prophylaxis and the effect the main conservation methods used on microorganisms.

Significant competences

General skills

1. To know the chemical, biochemical and biological basis of application in human nutrition and dietetics.

2. To know the basic processes in the production, processing and preservation of food.

3. To know the microbiology, parasitology and toxicology of food.

Transversal skills:

1. Communicate effectively, both orally and in writing with people, health professionals or industry and the media, knowing how to use the information and communications technology, especially in relation to nutrition and lifestyle.

In addition, the student who completes this course must:

1. To know the biology, physiology, genetics, metabolism and biochemistry of microorganisms (viruses, bacteria, fungi and protozoa).
2. To know the endogenous pathogenic flora as a natural barrier against infection and as a producer of essential nutrients for human health.
3. To know the mechanisms of action of toxins of microbial origin.
4. To know and apply the mechanisms of action of antibiotics, antimicrobials and vaccines
5. To know the main spoilage microorganisms and pathogens in food and aspects related to food toxicology.
6. To know the life cycles, symptoms, epidemiology, pathways of contamination and methods of prevention and control of parasites in food.
7. To have ability to work in a laboratory of general microbiology and identify microorganisms by microscopic, biochemical, physiological and serological tests.
8. To isolate and identify human skin and mouth saprophyte microorganisms.
9. To complete a microbiological analysis of food, including the report for results.
10. To recognize the main food parasites under microscopic observation.
11. To work in teams to solve problems related to microbiological food, human nutrition and dietetics.

Subject contents

PART 1. General Concepts of Microbiology (22 hours)

Unit 1.- The prokaryotic cell. Bacterial morphology and sizes. The plasma membrane. The cell wall of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria. The bacterial chromosome and ribosomes. Bacterial capsule and other external structures. Bacterial movement. Reserve materials. The endospore.
Unit 2. The eukaryotic cell. Differential properties regarding the prokaryotic cell. Endosymbiont theory. The hydrogenosome. Cytoplasmic organelles. The fungal cell. The protozoan cell.
Unit 3. Bacterial genetics. The bacterial chromosome. Mutagenesis. Conjugation. Transformation. Transduction. Plasmids: concept and types. Transposons.
Unit 4. Microbial metabolism. Energy sources. Nutritional requirements. Culture media, types and preparation techniques. Breathing. Fermentations. Growth curve. Regulation of microbial metabolism: enzyme reactions, regulation final product, catabolite repression, metabolic pathways.
Unit 5. Control of microbial growth. Action of physical and chemical agents. Microbial resistance to cold and heat. Action of moisture and microbial needs. Chemicals. Antibiotics. Antifungals. Microbicides. Preservatives.
Unit 6. Virology. General characteristics. Viruses. Viral infections of the digestive tract.
Unit 7. Human Microbiology. Bases of microbial pathogenicity. Microbial flora of the human body. Opportunistic flora. Infection and disease. Invasiveness, pathogenicity and virulence. Virulence factors and pathogenic mechanisms. Exotoxins and endotoxins. Constitutive defense mechanisms.
Unit 8. Immunology. Immunity to microbial infections. Vaccines.

PART 2. Food Microbiology (14 hours)

I. NATURAL SPOILAGE AND GENERAL PRINCIPLES OF FOOD MICROBIAL ALTERATION

Unit 9. Natural food contamination. Origin of microbial contamination of food and food products. The food handler as a source of conraminación. Microbiological monitoring of the environment.
Unit 10. General principles of food spoilage. Intrinsic factors: water activity (aw), pH, redox potential, nutrients, antimicrobials, structure and composition of food and protective barriers. Extrinsic factors: temperature, humidity, gaseous atmosphere. Technological treatments. Implicit factors. Interaction of factors, synergisms and antagonisms.

II. MICROBIOLOGY OF DIFFERENT KINDS OF FOOD

Unit 11. Microbiology of drinking water. Native and non-native microbiota. Types of water. Microbiological parameters that determine water quality. Major pathogens: disease and epidemiology. Purification and distribution of water for human consumption.
Unit 12. Microbiology of plant products. Microbiological alteration of: i) cereals, flours and derivatives, ii) fruits, juices, vegetables and derivatives. Major foodborne pathogens.
Unit 13. Microbiology animal products Microbiological alteration of: i) meat and meat products, ii) poultry iii) eggs and egg products, iv) dairy products, v) fish and other foods of aquatic origin. Major foodborne pathogens.
Unit 14. Microbiology of canned foods. Canned  foods: definition and types. Classification of canned foods according to their acidity. Biological sterility and commercial sterility. Major pathogens and cause alterations in canned foods. Major alterations and origin. Systematic review of preserves and microbiological analysis.

PART 3. Food Parasitology (9 hours)

Unit 15. Introduction to Parasitology. Definition. Adaptations to parasitism. Effects of the parasite on the host. Host reaction against the parasite. Parasites and host weakened. Economic significance of contamination by parasites.
Unit 16. Main parasites transmitted by water and plants. Relationship between fecal contamination, water and plant food. Entamoeba histolytica, Giardia, Cryptosporidium sp, Blastocystis hominis, Fasciola hepatica, Echinococcus sp, Enterobius vermicularis, Ascaris lumbricoides. Taxonomy. Morphology. Life cycle. Symptomatology. Epidemiology. Routes of contamination of food. Prevention and control. Situation in Spain.
Unit 17. Main paraistes transmitted by meat and fish. Toxoplasma gondii, Taenia sp., Trichinella spiralis, Anisakis sp. Life cycle. Symptomatology. Epidemiology. Routes of contamination of food. Prevention and control. Situation in Spain.

Seminars (4 hours)

1. Applications of microbiology in human nutrition and health.
2. Vaccines.

Laboratory practical lessons (total 41 hours):

PART I (19 hours)

    Practice 1: Preparation of different culture media. The use and interpretation of differential culture media.
    Practice 2: Making a throat swab and isolation of different living organisms. Characterization of different types of microbial colonies. Identification of hemolytic toxin producing bacteria.
    Practice 3: Identifying other mechanisms of toxicity carried out by pathogenic bacteria catalase activity.
    Practice 4: Identification, to species level, of two different bacteria by biochemical tests (Enterotube gallery).
    Practice 5: Test of antibiotic activity.
    Practice 6: Analysis of disinfectants.
    Practice 7: Immunodetection of a pathogen.
    Practice 8: Microbial stains.
    Practice 9: Isolation of a plasmid.
    Practice 10: Microbial growth curve.

PART II (22 hours)

    Practice 11: Introduction to a Food Microbiology laboratory and sample preparation
    Practice 12: General counting of microorganisms:

    Aerobic plate count at 30 ° C.
    Count of molds and yeasts.
    Observation and identification of filamentous fungi.
    Enterobacteriaceae and Kligler test.
    Anaerobic microorganisms.
    Coagulase positive staphylococci.
    Enterococci counts.
    Interpretation and report of results.
    Resolution of practical cases.

    Practice 13: Observation of food parasites under microscope.

It is MANDATORY that students have the following individual protection teams (EPI) in the course of teaching practices.

     Lab coat
     Safety glasses
     Gloves for chemical / biological protection

The EPI can be purchased at UdL's ÚDELS store

Center for Cultures and Cross-Border Cooperation - Cappont Campus

Carrer de Jaume II, 67. 25001 Lleida

 

Methodology

Lessons. (CM)

Acquisition of basic knowledge of the topic

45 hours of classroom lessons

Seminars. (Sem)

Acquisition of basic knowledge of the topic

2 seminaris of 2 h each ongenarl aspects of General Microbiology

Practical lessons. (PL)

Acquisition of skills and capabilities in the Microbiology and Parasitology laboratories

41 hours of laboratory practices (13 practices)

Exams

Evaluation of acquired knowledge

6 hours

Development plan

Bachelor's Degree in Human Nutrition and Dietetics (FIRST SEMESTER-Lleida)

 

MONDAY

TUESDAY

WEDNESDAY

THURSDAY

FRIDAY

SA

Su

9 SEPTEMBER

10

11 HOLYDAY

12 CMB 2h THEORY 17-19

13

14

15

16 CMB 4h THEORY 15-17

17

18

19 CMB 6h THEORY 15-17

20

21

22

23 CMB 8h THEORY 15-17

 

24

25 CMB 10h THEORY 15-17

26

27 HOLIDAY UdL

28

29

30 HOLIDAY

1 OCTOBER

2 CMB 12h THEORY15-17

3 HOLIDAY

4

5

6

7 CMB 14h THEORY 15-17

8

9 CMB 16h THEORY 15-17

10  

11 CMB 18h THEORY 15-17

12

13

14 CMB Practs GA  9-13

CMB 20h THEORY 15-17

 

15 CMB Practs GA  9-13

 

16 CMB Practs GA  9-13

CMB 22h THEORY 15-17 Semin. CMB- B 17-19

17 CMB Practs GA  9-13

 

Semin. CMB-A 17-19

18 CMB Practs GA  9-13

19

20

21 CMB Practs GB  9-13

MA 2h THEORY 15-17

22 CMB Practs GB  9-13

23 CMB Practs GB  9-13

MA 4h THEORY 15-17

Semin. CMB-A 17-19

24 CMB Practs GB  9-13

 

Semin. CMB- B 17-19

25 CMB Practs GB  9-13

26

27

28 MA 6h THEORY 15-17

29

30

31 MA 8h THEORY 17-19

 

1 NOVEMBER FESTA

2

3

4 Exam CMB 15-17. 0.03

5

6

7

8

9

10

11 MA 10h THEORY 15-17

12

13 MA 12h THEORY 15-17

14

15

16

17

18 MA 14h THEORY 15-17

 

19

20 PA 2h THEORY 15-17

21

22

23

24

25 PA 4h TEORIA 15-17

26

27 PA 6h TEORIA 15-17

28

29

30

1

2 DECEMBER

PA 8h THEORY 15-17

3

4   

5

6 HOLIDAY

7

8

9 Exam MA 15-17. 0.03

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

22

23 XMAS

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

1 JANUARY

2

3

4

5

6

7

8 PA 10h THEORY 15-17

9

10

11

12

13 Prac GB  9-14

14 Prac GB  9-13

15 Prac GB  9-12

16 Prac GB  9-14

17 Prac GB  9-14

18

19

20 Prac GA  9-14

21 Prac GA  9-13

22 Prac GA  9-12

23 Prac GA  9-14

24 Prac GA  9-14

25

26

27

28

29

30

31 Exam PA+practs

15-17. 0.03

1

2

Note:

17 February: resit exam (10-12h, class 0.03)

Practical lessons of the weeks of October 14th and 21th are held in the Faculty of Medicine, and those of January 13th and 20th are carried out in the ETSEA.

 

Bachelor's Degree in Human Nutrition and Dietetics (SECOND SEMESTER- IGUALADA)

 

MONTH

DAY

HOUR

SUM OF HOURS

CLASSROOM

NOTE

FEBRUARY

6

9-11 h, 11.30-13.20 h

4 T

TEORÍA

CMB-MG

 

13

9-11 h, 11.30-13.20 h

8 T

TEORÍA

CMB-MG

 

20

9-11 h, 11.30-13.20 h

12 T

TEORÍA

CMB-MG

 

27

9-11 h, 11.30-13.20 h

16 T

TEORÍA

CMB-MG

 

24 al 28

15.00-19.30h (20h)*

20 P

PRACTICAS MG

CMB-MG

MARCH

5

9-11 h, 11.30-13.20 h

20 T

TEORÍA

CMB-MG

 

12

9-11 h, 11.30-13.20 h

4 S

SEMINARIO

CMB-MG

 

19

9-11 h, 11.30-13.50 h

24,5 T

TEORIA

CMB-MG /TECAL-MA

 

26

9-11 h, 11.30-13.50 h

29 T

TEORÍA

TECAL-MA

APRIL

16

9-11 h

 

PRIMER PARCIAL (MG)

CMB-MG

 

16

11:30- 13:50 h

31,5 T

TEORÍA

TECAL-MA

 

23

9-11 h, 11.30-13.50 h

36 T

TEORÍA

TECAL-MA

MAY

7

9-11 h

--

SEGUNDO PARCIAL (MA)

TECAL-MA

 

7

11.30-13.20 h

38 T

TEORÍA

TACAL-PA

 

14

9-11 h, 11.30-13.20 h

42 T

TEORÍA

TECAL-PA

 

12 al 15

15.00-19.30h (16 h)*

36 P

PRACTICAS TECAL (MA)

TECAL-MA

 

21

9-11 h, 11.30-13.20 h

46 T

TEORÍA

TECAL-PA

 

28

9-11 h, 11.30-13.20 h

40 P

PRÁCTICAS PA

TECAL-PA

JUNE

12

 

--

TERCER PARCIAL (PA+práct)

TECAL-PA

 

22

 

--

RECUPERACION

TODOS (MG/MA/PA)

Note: CMB: teaching assigned to the Dept. of Basic Medical Sciences: TECAL: teaching assigned to the Dpt. of Food Technology

MG (General Microbiology); MA (Food Microbiology); PA (Food Parasitology)

T: theory, P: practices; S: seminars

*included half hour of rest

 

Exams:

First partial, part CMB: April 16

Second partial, part MA: May 7

Third partial, part PA+practices: June 12

Complete subject recovery: June 22

Evaluation

Theory and practice:

The topic is evaluated continuously. To do this, 4 exams throughout the semester are made. Usually exams follow the same pattern: a test of theory and a set of short questions. The evaluation of practical lessons may include large questions and/or test questions.

Each exam has the following value:

Exam 1: questions of theory of General Microbiology. Value: 25% of the course.
Exam 2: questions of practice of General Microbiology. Value: 15% of the course.
Exam 3: questions of theory of Food Microbiology. Value: 15% of the course.
Exam 4: questions of theory of Food Parasitology + questions of practices of Food Microb. and Parasitology. Value 25% of the course

In any case, to pass the subject, each of the 4 exams must obtain at least 4.0 (out of 10) so that the grades obtained in the 4 exams can be averaged and the final grade of the subject can be calculated, together with the rest of the evaluation elements.

Seminars will be evaluated taking into account attendance and completion of a report (10% of the final grade).

The students must submit a memory of the practices carried out in the Microbiology and Food Parasitology part, individually or in pairs (and exceptionally in trios, with previous approval of the teacher), in which the exercises performed are recorded, as well as the critical discussion of the results. For the realization of this memory, the criteria explained in the document "Check-list y rúbrica memoria de prácticas", available in the "Resources" section of the subject space in the Virtual Campus, must be taken into account. The value of each element that forms the memory is indicated. This document must be submitted signed by the authors together with the report. In the memory it is necessary to obtain a minimum of 40 points over 100 so that the grade can be averaged with the grades obtained in the rest of the evaluation elements of the subject. Memory value: 10% of the subject.

Practices and seminars are of compulsory attendance. In the case of the practices, only a percentage of absences of 10% of the total hours for this concept will be allowed, provided that it is for a justified reason (in case of illness, medical evidence must be delivered).

Bibliography

A) BASIC BIBLIOGRAPHY

B) COMPLEMENTARY BIBLIOGRAPHY

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